SHIN SPLINTS



shin splints with severe muscular painWhat is it?

Pain along the inner edge of the tibia characterized by damage and inflammation of connective tissue joining the muscles to the bone.

Causes:

Usually caused by repeated or prolonged activity. Typically occurs due to excessive walking, running or jumping activities with insufficient training. Frequently occurs with calf muscle tightness or biomechanical abnormalities, such as excessive pronation (flat feet) or supination (high arch) or in those with inappropriate footwear.


Signs & Symptoms:

Pain and tenderness along the inner part of the shin. Initially pain may only be felt during activity, in more severe cases pain remains and is felt at rest.

Treatment:

Rest and ice for 2-6 weeks. Treatment may then progress to alternate exercise programs, correction of any biomechanical or footwear issues. Balance and exercise training can then be started prior to return to activity.

Prognosis:

Recovery time may range from a few weeks to several months. This is dependent on pain and inflammation timeframes and progression of rehabilitation program.